FINDING THE RIGHT THERAPY FOR YOU
Discover our range of therapeutic modalities
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a branch of short-term psychotherapy that explores how a person's thoughts, beliefs and attitudes can affect feelings and behaviours. Therapists will work to help you to change how you think ('cognitive') and act ('behaviour'), with a view to change the way that you feel. CBT is best suited for individuals who want to focus on 'here-and-now' challenges, rather than an in-depth exploration of past matters. This approach is goal-oriented and takes a practical approach to specific difficulties, requiring commitment and dedication during and between sessions. Often therapists will advise their clients on specific interventions and techniques to practise between sessions and at the end of therapy. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT for several conditions, including depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and more.
Like CBT therapy, the Psychodynamic approach focuses on changing challenging behaviours, thoughts and feelings. Unlike CBT, which tends to look into conscious thoughts and beliefs, psychodynamic therapy focuses on both conscious and unconscious meanings and motivations. To do this, therapists often use free association (sharing a conscious stream of thought, without censorship), an exploration of imaginative content that includes dream analysis. Psychoanalysis is best suited for individuals who wish to engage in longer-term therapy, and those interested in exploring early childhood and other matters relating to life history. Therapy undertaken with this approach can last anywhere between 12 months and (sometimes) 12 years! Every client has their own individual needs in this respect.
The person-centred approach places great emphasis on human growth and potential. The beliefs embedded in this approach stem from the notion that is known as the 'actualising tendency'; the assumption that all living things possess an inclination towards growth and development, including human organisms. Fundamentally, therapists who apply a person-centred approach usually believe that individuals possess an extensive amount of resources for self-exploration and self-understanding. With the support and guidance from a therapist, clients should be able to discover their own personal solutions and collaboratively facilitate necessary change. Emerging in the 1940s, the person-centred approach is one of the most widely used methods in counselling and psychotherapy today.
Existential therapy is an approach deeply embedded in the philosophy and the experience of the human condition. It focuses on exploring challenges through a philosophical lens and considers concepts around the search for meaning, free will, responsibility and choice. Whilst therapists may explore external matters in therapy with you, clients who work with this approach are expected to focus more inwardly, by confronting their own thoughts, ideals and assumptions. A key theory in existential therapy, coined by Irvin Yalom as "the givens of existence", the method addresses inner conflict relating to the confrontation of certainties within our existence. These givens are described as existential isolation, meaninglessness, freedom and responsibility, and death. The central focus of existential therapy is to help people confront the anxieties that may come with life, whilst exploring the notions of free choice, decision-making and meaning. This approach is best suited for individuals who wish to explore the human condition as a whole, and the meaning of existence.
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